Great Wall of China
The Hun people are understood to have lived originally in the ordos region of Mongolia. Several of the Historians think that they may have been the mysterious Xiongnu people who bullied the Hun Dynasty ( 202 B C to 220 A D ) in Northern China. Both the Huns and the Xiongnu were nomadic people,mounted warriors and skilled archers. During the 3rd century B C some of the earlier segments of the Great Wall Of China were Constructed to stop the invasion of the Mongol warriors from the north. According to the world History Center , these Mongol tribes were called Hsiang-nu (Xiongnu ). In the west they became known as the Huns. They were non agrarian people- animals herders who became expert horsemen.
When a new lineage of people appeared in Central Asia whom the historians known by different names. The Latin authors called them Chionites, and the Greeks described them as Kidarite Huns Or Hun who were Kidarites; in Indian accounts they were known as Huna, in Armenian records as both Honk and Kushan, and in Chinese history they were identified as Yueh Chi ( Jat) who found the Kushan empire. The Persian texts mention them as Kushanshah. Their king was known as kidara Or Chi .to. lo.in Roman accounts they were known as MASSAGETAE, ( Jat ). These different names provided by the writers sometimes make it Complicated to access the information and to Create a general historical picture. Though all the tribes mentioned are of Saka origin, however, it became important to make a clear distinction between them, such as the Kidarites and the Hephthalites.
The Great Wall of China. One of the largest construction projects in the history of mankind, stretching for a remarkable 3,000 miles and was built across several thousand years by multiple dynasties. Because of its rich history and beautiful scenery, it is one of the top tourist destinations in the world. While it may be difficult to travel there, it is the next stop on our virtual tours around the world.
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Originally thought of as a defensive structure, the Great Wall had periods of relevance and neglect. Despite the fact it lasted several dynasties, the resources were eventually found to complete the wall during the Ming Dynasty. Today, it stands as one of the most impressive structures on the face of the planet, but it took a great deal of hardship to accomplish its completion.
It Took Over 2,000 Years To Complete
The original section of the Great Wall was built by the Qin Dynasty, and was completed around 221 BCE after 20 years of construction. Subsequent generations continued to work on, extend, and improve upon the wall. The most recent work was completed by the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644 CE), who worked on improvements for over 200 years.
They added turreted walls and towers to help with troop placement and mobility. In total, the Great Wall that exists today is the culmination of 22 centuries worth of work.
It Took Millions Of Laborers To Build
In the thousands of years and numerous dynasties that worked on the Great Wall, the only constant was the remarkably large labor force needed to build the structure. Three main groups were used from pools across the land: soldiers, common people, and criminals. And participation in Wall building was compulsory.
For example, a single section of the wall stretching from Xiakou to Hengzhou required 1,800,000 laborers to complete.
Criminal Laborers Who Died Were Replaced With Family Members
The demand for builders on the Walls was so great that many criminals were conscripted to work on it for the duration of their sentences. Conditions, however, were harsh, and workers didn’t always make it out of Wall construction alive.
If a criminal died before his sentence was over, a member of his family had to take his place in the construction.
Workers Were Buried In Mass Graves Beside The Wall
Because the labor required to build the Wall was legendarily backbreaking, there emerged a longstanding rumor that workers who died in the building of the Wall had their bodies ground up to make the mortar that would keep it together. Others say that dead workers were simply buried inside the Wall.
Great Wall of China, 1907